A randomised control trial of hotspot policing on the London bus network.
Ben Linton (MPS), Tim Herbert (TfL); Henry Partridge
|Collaboration and partnership||
Metropolitan Police Service and Transport for London.
|Project start date||
The hypothesis of this research is that patrolling the most chronic hotspots on the London bus network for 15 minutes at a time will reduce crime.
Target sample size
Approximately 50 hotspots.
Participants - inclusion criteria
The trial sites were identified using community safety Driver Incident Reports. These are calls made by bus drivers to CentreComm – the London Buses control room who determine whether an emergency response is required.
Incidents may include criminal damage to the bus, passengers refusing to pay, threatening violence etc. Data supplied by iBus allows incidents to be closely matched to the nearest appropriate bus stop. Trial sites were tested for spatial autocorrelation and temporal stability.
Crime and CAD data supplied by the Metropolitan Police will be the primary outcome measures for the trial.
Proactive patrol by a pair of officers (one PC, one PCSO) in the hotspot for 15 minutes. Hotspots to receive at least three treatments a day for three months.
Fully randomised control trial.
Metropolitan Police recorded crime and bus driver incident reports (DIRs).
Summary of findings
Ariel, B., Partridge, H. Predictable Policing: Measuring the Crime Control Benefits of Hotspots Policing at Bus Stops. J Quant Criminol 33, 809–833 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-016-9312-y