Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

Q methods study of vulnerability

Understanding how the police, health services, education providers, social care and other agencies providing core public services in Bradford respond to and deal with people’s vulnerabilities.

Key details

Lead institution
Principal researcher(s)
Professor Adam Crawford
Police region
North East
Collaboration and partnership
  • University of Leeds.
  • Bradford Metropolitan Borough Council.
  • Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Vulnerability and Policing Futures Research Centre.
Level of research
Professional/work based
Project start date
Date due for completion

Research context

Vulnerability is a well-used concept among public services in the UK. However, what this means in practice for public services, the police and non-governmental organisations is underexplored.

The meaning of vulnerability is subjective and the concept is used in various ways across different settings, with different outcomes.


The project aims to shed light on how vulnerability is interpreted and how it is used to frame public service delivery.

It will look at the effect of vulnerability-based interventions in cities such as Bradford and Leeds.

The project will provide a better understanding of the diverse perceptions of the role of the police in safeguarding vulnerable populations.

Research methodology

The project uses Q methodology to explore divergent and convergent opinions about vulnerability and structure them in a way that can be studied.

Q methodology combines qualitative approaches and statistical analysis to examine patterns in human subjectivity. It does so by:

  • presenting participants with a structured set of opinion statements about a topic
  • asking them to rank responses
  • clustering these into shared views for statistical analysis

In addition to the data collected via statement rankings, rich qualitative data will be collected from in-depth interviews. During these interviews, respondents will explain why they agreed or disagreed with certain statements and values.

Was this page useful?

Do not provide personal information such as your name or email address in the feedback form. Read our privacy policy for more information on how we use this data

What is the reason for your answer?
I couldn't find what I was looking for
The information wasn't relevant to me
The information is too complicated