Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

Critical evaluation of the use of restorative justice as an out-of-court disposal

Evaluating the use of restorative justice as an out-of-court disposal. 

Key details

Lead institution
Principal researcher(s)
Franki Grant
Police region
South West
Collaboration and partnership

Restorative Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire Constabulary and University of Gloucestershire.

This researcher is supported by the College of Policing bursary scheme.

Level of research
Project start date
Date due for completion

Research context

This research project began as a Masters by research and has been upgraded into a PhD. The upgrade into PhD incorporates additional data, including longitudinal data through follow up interviews and secondary statistical data spanning from 2017 to 2021. 


To critically evaluate Gloucestershire Constabulary’s development of restorative justice in a new two-tier system of out-of-court disposals. 


  1. To conduct a process evaluation of restorative justice as an out-of-court disposal (OOCD) in Gloucestershire. 
  2. To conduct an outcome evaluation of restorative justice as an OOCD in Gloucestershire. 
  3. To critically evaluate the development and success of restorative disposals within Gloucestershire constabulary’s new two-tier system for OOCDs. 

The project will take a longitudinal view of the use of restorative justice as an OOCD in Gloucestershire. This includes reflections of developments up to 2021, the impact of COVID-19 and the proposed introduction of the two-tier system for OOCDs.

This will increase the evidence base on restorative justice OOCDs and the quality of restorative service in Gloucestershire. 

Research methodology

This study uses a qualitative-dominant, multi-method approach to a process and outcome evaluation. It deploys the QUALIPREV process and outcome crime prevention evaluation tool, developed by Rummens and others (2016) and adapted for similar research by Hobson and others (2018).

The QUALIPREV indicators will be used as a structural framework and provide a thematic tool for the subsequent analysis, focusing on the 'implementation, efficiency and effectiveness' of the use of restorative justice as an OOCD (Rummens and others, 2016:5). 

QUALIPREV uses the following process indicators: 

  • cost of implementation 
  • correct implementation 
  • accessibility 
  • feasibility 
  • participation rate (specific groups and general participation) 
  • retention rate 
  • external confounding factors 

QUALIPREV uses the following outcome indicators: 

  • crime rate (recorded crime or self-reported) 
  • victimisation – fear of crime 
  • changes in attitudes towards offending behaviour (reoffending rates) 
  • increased social skills 
  • displacement of crime 

For the PhD, the process and outcome evaluation will collect additional data via methodological triangulation, organised and analysed under each of the QUALIPREV headings. 

Interim reports or publications

Was this page useful?

Do not provide personal information such as your name or email address in the feedback form. Read our privacy policy for more information on how we use this data

What is the reason for your answer?
I couldn't find what I was looking for
The information wasn't relevant to me
The information is too complicated