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Dealing with an individual breaching the regulations on travel and self-isolation. 

First published
Updated
Written by College of Policing

Step 4

As of 19 July 2021 all areas in England are subject to Step 4 restrictions.

International travel

Travel and isolation

Restrictions

These regulations provide requirements on international travel. The below is a brief summary of these regulations.

Arrivals in England travelling from outside the common travel area are subject to passenger information and self-isolation requirements. These vary depending on whether the arrival has travelled from and/or through an 'amber list' or 'red list' country or territory.

Amber list requirements:

  • possess a negative COVID-19 test result
  • complete a passenger locator form (PLF)
  • self-isolate at a suitable address that they provide in their PLF, eg, their home address, for 10 days (note: COVID-19 test results may have an impact on this)
  • take mandatory COVID-19 tests while they self-isolate

Red list requirements:

  • possess a negative COVID-19 test result
  • complete a PLF and book a managed self-isolation package
  • arrive at one of the designated airports, military airfield or military port
  • self-isolate at the accommodation in their managed self-isolation package, eg, designated hotel, for 10 days (note: COVID-19 test results may have an impact on this)
  • take mandatory COVID-19 tests while they self-isolate
  • new regulations apply depending on if the person satisfies new exemptions (see page 12 of travel regulations briefing for details)

Police powers

If a police officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has left, or is outside of, the place where they are self-isolating they can:

  • direct that person to return to the place where they are self-isolating
  • remove that person to the place where they are self-isolating

For 'red list' arrivals only, a police officer may enter the premises to search for an individual suspected of contravening the requirement to self-isolate or to remove them to the accommodation designated as part of their managed self-isolation package.

Offences

The most relevant offences from a policing perspective are when a person (without reasonable excuse):

  • contravenes self-isolation requirements
  • wilfully obstructs any person carrying out a function under the regulations

Note: examples of other offences include the contravention of requirements linked to information, testing and (for 'red list' arrivals) the booking of managed self-isolation packages. See the briefing pack for further information.

    FPN amounts

    Red list

    Contravening the requirement to self-isolate or wilfully obstruct: £5,000 for the first fixed-penalty notice, £8,000 for the second, and £10,000 for the third and any subsequent offences.

    Amber list

    Contravening the requirement to self-isolate: £1,000 for the first FPN, £2,000 for the second, £4,000 for the third, and £10,000 for the fourth and any subsequent offences.

    Wilfully obstructing a person carrying out a function related to self-isolation is a £1,000 FPN.

    Note: The regulations provide different FPN amounts for other offences. For this information, and for a list of relevant reasonable excuses and exceptions, see the briefing pack for more details.

    Self-isolation

    Notification of isolation

    Regulations

    The regulations set out requirements on individuals to isolate if they are notified to have: 

    • tested positive for coronavirus
    • had close contact with someone who has tested positive for coronavirus

    It does not apply to individuals notified by the NHS COVID-19 app.

    A notified person must:

    • self-isolate from the moment of notification for the period specified 
    • (only if tested positive) notify the relevant person of the name of each person living in the same household

    For a child, as far as possible a responsible adult should ensure the above.

    Exceptions apply, for example, to seek medical assistance, obtain basic necessities, escape risk of harm, etc. (See full briefing).

    Offences

    The regulations provide for the following offences that are punishable on summary conviction by a fine: 

    A notified person who contravenes a requirement to self-isolate or provide required information (exceptions apply) without reasonable excuse commits an offence.

    A notified person who contravenes a requirement to self-isolate without reasonable excuse and in doing so: 

    • has reason to believe they will come into close contact with another person or group 
    • does then come into close contact with another person or group 
    • is reckless as to the consequences of that close contact for the health of that other person or group commits an offence 

    A notified person who knowingly provides false information relating to the address where they are isolating or the names of persons living in the same household commits an offence.

    FPN amounts

    The fixed-penalty notice amount is £1,000 for the first offence, £2,000 for the second, £4,000 for the third, £10,000 for the fourth, and subsequent offences.

    A person who obstructs, without reasonable excuse, any person carrying out a function under these regulations, or without reasonable excuse contravenes a requirement imposed by these regulations commits an offence. The FPN amount is £1,000 for the first offence, £2,000 for the second, £4,000 for the third, £10,000 for the fourth and subsequent offences.

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