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Restrictions, offences and fixed-penalty notices.

First published
Written by College of Policing

Step 2

As of 12 April 2021 all areas in England are in Step 2.

Premises and businesses that must close 


In  Step 2 more businesses and services may open. This includes (a non-exhaustive list):

  • betting shops
  • spas
  • tanning salons, nail salons, beauty salons, hair salons and barbers
  • massage centres
  • tattoo and piercing studios
  • showrooms
  • car washes (manual)

For the full list of restricted businesses and services visit Schedule 2 paragraph 13(2). 

Business and services that were able to remain open in Step 1 are still able to carry on in Step 2.

Holiday accommodation

A person responsible for carrying on a business consisting of the provision of holiday accommodation situated in the Step 2 area may open their business if accommodation is provided:

  • in separate and self-contained accommodation
  • on a caravan park or campsite (conditions apply)

Serving food and drink for consumption on the premises   


A person responsible for carrying on a restricted business or providing a restricted service in the Step 2 area must:

  • close any indoor premises or any indoor part of premises in which food or drink are provided in those premises and; 
  • cease providing food or drink for consumption indoors on the premises

Take-away services and consumption of food and drink on premises outdoors is permitted in Step 2. Entry is permitted for payment.

Specific exemptions apply to:

  • motorway service areas
  • airports, maritime ports, the international rail terminal at Folkestone
  • public transport
  • workplace canteens (conditions apply)

Offences and FPNs for any of these restrictions    


There are offences that police can enforce, however enforcement action in relation to breaches by businesses will be led by local authorities (environmental health officers and trading standards officers). The police should only be required as a last resort and to provide support as required.

FPN amounts

The fixed-penalty notice amount is £1,000 for the first offence, £2,000 for the second, £4,000 for the third and £10,000 for the fourth and subsequent offences. These increases apply only to FPNs issued for these offences.