Fitness Standards

In August 2014, the College issued guidance on how police forces in England and Wales should carry out officer fitness tests.

The test, based on scientific evidence, is designed to match the aerobic demands of personal safety training. The standard is the same as that used when recruiting officers.

The test involves a 15-metre shuttle run, to be completed to an endurance level of 5:4. There is no obstacle course or upper strength testing as part of this annual fitness test.

The guidance, which is based on Recommendation 33 of the Winsor Review (Part II), emphasises the need for forces to provide support and advice to officers in order to pass.

If an officer is not able to pass the fitness test at the first attempt, the College advises forces to provide support and allow a series of at least two retakes. If all appropriate support measures and alternatives have been delivered and the officer is still unable to achieve the required standard, the College advises forces to use the unsatisfactory performance procedures as set out in the Police (Performance) Regulations 2012 procedure.

Fitness tests for specialist posts

On 18 January 2012, the Chief Constables' Council agreed to support new job-related fitness tests (JRFTs) for specialist posts. These include fitness standards for 13 specialist posts including firearms officers, dog handlers and police cyclists. The levels range from 5:4 (four shuttles at level five) to 10:5 on the Multi-Stage Fitness Test (MSFT), known as a "bleep" test - this is a timed test where individuals run at an increasing speed.

Unit Recommended standard
(Level : Shuttle)
Dynamic strength
Push / Pull
Marine Police Unit 5 : 4 34kg / 35kg
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear 5 : 4 34kg / 35kg
Method of Entry 5 : 4 34kg / 35kg
Dog Handler 5 : 7 34kg / 35kg
Mounted Branch 5 : 7 34kg / 35kg
Police Cyclist 5 : 8 34kg / 35kg
Police Support Unit 6 : 3 34kg / 35kg
Air Support 6 : 4 34kg / 35kg
Police Divers 6 : 8 34kg / 35kg
Marine Police (Tactical Skills) 7 : 2 34kg / 35kg
Authorised Firearms Officer (AFO) 7 : 6 34kg / 35kg
Armed Response Vehicle 9 : 4 34kg / 35kg
Dynamic Intervention AFO 10 : 5 34kg / 35kg

The tests were developed by the Police Advisory Board for England and Wales Fitness Working Group, which included representation from the Association of Chief Police Officers, the Superintendents' Association, the Police Federation of England and Wales, HM Inspectorate of Constabulary, the National Policing Improvement Agency and specialist fitness advisors.

On the right side of this page, you can download:

  • the final report provided to the Police Advisory Board for England and Wales, which includes the Lilleshall Consultancy Report January 2009, the Lilleshall Consultancy Report October 2009 and the Equality Impact Assessment January 2010
  • the guidance for implementing the fitness standards, which includes information on health and safety, equality and diversity and costings.

The recommendations were based on physiological data from officers undertaking training exercises that closely replicated the 'real-life' physical demands of the specialist role and were based on operational scenarios. Data gathered during the training exercises were then compared to data gathered during the multi-stage fitness test (MSFT) that the same officers had earlier undertaken. This ensured, as far as possible, that an officer who passed the MSFT had the operational fitness demanded of the relevant specialist activity.

For more information, please contact Rose Bartlett.


In 2003, the Police Advisory Board for England and Wales commissioned a working group to advise on the development of national JRFTs for recruits to the police service, specialist posts and police officers already in service. The working group recommended a JRFT standard for recruits which was adopted by the police service in 2004. The related Home Office Circular, 43/2004, can be found here.

In 2007, the working group was reformed to develop national JRFTs for specialist posts.